A hidden gem waiting to be discovered. Polishing this diamond in the rough has been a 10-year process.
In 2008 when this project began, Te Onewa/Stokes Point was largely neglected, difficult to get to and disconnected from its culture. The desire to acknowledge its historical and cultural significance and increase and encourage public use of the site, had to co-exist with the access limitations and safety protocols necessary to ensure the security of the Auckland Harbour Bridge.
Aside from a memorial for workers who had died during the bridge construction, there was no signal of the archaeological and cultural significance of the site. An existing defensive ditch, remnant of the original Pā fortification remained along the eastern part of the site and a small wooden pedestrian bridge was provided to cross the ditch. The project required extensive renewal of relationships with local iwi as well as the physical landscape to reconnect the Pā site and reflect the historical significance of the area.
Much of the site is extremely challenging. It is deprived of both light and rain due to the bridge overhead, so and the soil is very poor. Restrictions under the Heritage New Zealand Pouhere Taonga Act 2014 in relation to ground intrusion and overall site modification and sensitivity towards its significance to mana whenua required creative solutions from the design team and significant buy-in from NZTA.
Stage 1 included painting of the ‘The Trestle Leg Series’ (designed by Boffa Miskell with artist Catherine Griffiths) by where excerpts of poetry and prose were wrapped around eight of the eastern trestle legs of the west box girder beneath the Auckland Harbour Bridge.
Stage 2 of the landscaping was completed in 2013. This part of the project recognised natural and cultural landmarks of the area that were significantly altered when the bridge was constructed. One of the design elements was a vibrant red path to ‘greet your arrival at the bridge’ and ‘guide you into the reserve’; creating a visual and physical connection to the harbour and the reserve.
Stage 3 involved the construction of a pathway along the eastern side of the Northern abutment to provide all ability access for to Te Onewa, while accommodating the security and maintenance requirements for the Auckland Harbour Bridge. Extensive planting and new perimeter fencing was completed to facilitate this.
A raised timber walkway and platform minimise disturbance to the much-traumatised earth. A pedestrian bridge crosses the only remaining visible feature (defensive ditch) of the historical Pā site and sits above the ground, sparing it from further disturbance.
The new balustrade illustrates the level of care that stakeholders brought to the project. An old timber post-and-rail fence was removed, and each existing post hole was individually drilled out. The sub-grade was tested, and a new fence was designed around existing post-hole points.
Similar care was taken with planting installation and erosion control. No additional topsoil could be added to the historic site, so system of Ponga logs and biodegradable anchors were used to stabilise the slopes and provide protection for native plants. Incorporating new plants was essential to mitigate erosion on site, increase the visual amenity and heal the whenua. The fragility of the existing soil was exacerbated by the limited sunlight and rainfall, caused by the bridge overhead. A mix of native plants, including Rengarenga, Kowharawhara and Huruhuru Whenua were selected for their tolerance of these inhospitable conditions. These plants were arranged in evenly-spaced offset rows, acting as a korowai to protect the spiritual values of the landscape.
A pouwhenua carved from heart Totara by Reuben Kirkwood of Nga Tai ki Tamaki was revealed during the dawn blessing and recognises the whakapapa of mana whenua; and the memorial to workers who lost their lives during construction of the bridge remains nearby.
Detailed design and specification and implementation.
|Client||NZ Transport Agency|
|Project team||Cathy Challinor|
Auckland Harbour Bridge Alliance
NZ Transport Agency
Total Bridge Services
|Project date||2004 - 2018|
|Awards||2018, Arthur Mead Award for the Environment and Sustainability, Institute of Professional Engineers New Zealand (IPENZ).|
2018, Bronze Award in Spatial Design for Public and Institutional Spaces, Designer's Institute of New Zealand (DINZ) Best of Awards.